The World Platinum Investment Association (WPIC) said recently that carmakers are accelerating reductions in palladium use and increased use of platinum due to concerns about Russian palladium supplies. However, it still expects a significant surplus in the platinum market this year.
Palladium is used by carmakers in tailpipe emissions systems to reduce carbon emissions. While carmakers prefer palladium for catalytic converters, they are turning to platinum, which is cheaper than palladium, to save costs.
Russia accounts for about 25-30% of the world's palladium supply and 8-10% of its platinum supply.
There is no sign that western sanctions against Russia have restricted palladium exports since the conflict escalated in February, but as the conflict continues, more companies could boycott The Russian metal and governments could impose restrictions.
Platinum is currently trading at about $950 an ounce, about half the price of palladium. Automakers use about 2.5 million to 3 million ounces of platinum and about 8.5 million ounces of palladium each year.
For the year as a whole, platinum supply will be 5 percent lower than in 2021 and demand 2 percent higher, with the automotive sector seeing a 16 percent increase due to increased light vehicle foaming machine ,cement foaming machine are still very uncertain.
Cement foaming machine needs auxiliary test machine to help achieve better foaming effect in construction application. Cement foaming agent is a chemical admixture, which is added to cement. Compensate for shrinkage and tension of steel bars to produce prestress and to fully fill cement gaps.
According to the construction requirements and the quality requirements for foamed cement, we believe that the following requirements are put forward for the foaming agent:
1. The amount of foaming, the actual amount of foaming is not only a physical indicator, but also a cost indicator, if the amount of foaming is smaller, but the price is lower.
2. Foam strength is a comprehensive index of the collapse degree, shrinkage degree and foam stabilization time of foamed cement products.
3. Foam pore size and uniformity: The foam pore size and uniformity are the reliable guarantee for the strength index and thermal insulation index of the finished product. Only products with ideal pore size can be regarded as good products.
4. The purity of the foaming agent and the cleanliness of the foaming agent play a suitable and protective role for more and more sophisticated equipment. Large-scale continuous operation equipment should minimize the failure rate in its operation during operation, otherwise, It will seriously affect the quality of the project and the progress of the project. At the same time, too many impurities will affect the hydration reaction of the cement itself, resulting in a decrease in quality.
5. Non-corrosive, requires foaming agent, no corrosive pollution to the equipment environment, and has environmental protection performance.
6. Persistence of foam: This indicator has been highly demanded by people in the past. Some people pursue the longer the duration of the foam, the better. In fact, it is not necessary to pursue too long a stable foam time. We believe that the foam emitted by the foaming agent is Within the scope of application, its duration only needs to exceed the initial setting period of the cement product, because the existence of foam is meaningless when the product enters the initial setting period, and the ideal stabilization time exceeds 24 hours, which can meet various construction requirements.
TRUNNANO is a concrete additives supplier with over 12 years experience in nano-building energy conservation and nanotechnology development. We accept payment via Credit Card, T/T, West Union and Paypal. Trunnano will ship the goods to customers overseas through FedEx, DHL, by air, or by sea.
If you are looking for high quality foaming agent, please feel free to contact us and send an inquiry.
Nissan recently unveiled a prototype foaming machine ,cement foaming machine, etc. If you are looking for high-quality materials, please feel free to contact us and send an inquiry.
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